Making Democracy Work

History of the League of Women Voters

The League of Women Voters started after women got the right to vote.

Westport

The League of Women Voters was formed after the 19th Amendment was passed in 1920 by the National American Women's Suffrage Association, which had long worked for universal suffrage. From the beginning, LWV emphasized voter information and voter service.

LWV supported the League of Nations, the United Nations, child labor laws, and price controls and rationing in World War II. It provided a sustained effort in an "Individual Liberties Program" that opposed the goals of Senator Joseph McCarthy.

LWV has also lobbied for Social Security, civil rights, and the food and drug acts. More recently, it established a position on gun control, lobbied for voter registration reform, federal budget and deficit issues, campaign finance reform, child care, the right of privacy in reproductive choice, and environmental protection.

The League of Women Voters of Westport was founded in 1949 by six women. In their research, they discovered that Westport had no charter for town government. A Westport Charter Revision Commission was established that included LWV members. The resulting charter was approved by a special act of the state legislature.

LWV Westport now has positions that support adequate sewage treatment plants, education, housing options, safe disposal of hazardous waste, recycling of solid waste, acquisition and preservation of open space, backyard composting, and protection of Westport's wetlands. It continues to support voters' rights, national, state and local issues.

Certificate

Westport League Presidents

List of Westport League Presidents

Westport League Presidents

Nationally

In her address to the National American Woman Suffrage Association's (NAWSA) 50th convention in St. Louis, Missouri, President Carrie Chapman Catt proposed the creation of a "league of women voters to finish the fight and aid in the reconstruction of the nation."  Women Voters was formed within the NAWSA, composed of the organizations in the states where suffrage had already been attained.

The next year, on February 14, 1920 - six months before the 19th amendment to the Constitution was ratified - the League was formally organized in Chicago as the national League of Women Voters. Catt described the purpose of the new organization:

    "The League of Women Voters is not to dissolve any present organization but to unite all existing organizations of women who believe in its principles.  It is not to lure women from partisanship but to combine them in an effort for legislation which will protect coming movements, which we cannot even foretell, from suffering the untoward conditions which have hindered for so long the coming of equal suffrage.  Are the women of the United States big enough to see their opportunity?"

Maud Wood Park became the first national president of the League and thus the first League leader to rise to the challenge. She had steered the women's suffrage amendment through Congress in the last two years before ratification and liked nothing better than legislative work. From the very beginning, however, it was apparent that the legislative goals of the League were not exclusively focused on women's issues and that citizen education aimed at all of the electorate was in order.

Since its inception, the League has helped millions of women and men become informed participants in government. In fact, the first league convention voted 69 separate items as statements of principle and recommendations for legislation. Among them were protection for women and children, right of working women, food supply and demand, social hygiene, the legal status of women, and American citizenship.The League's first major national legislative success was the passage of the Sheppard-Towner Act providing federal aid for maternal and child care programs.  In the 1930's, League members worked successfully for enactment of the Social Security and Food and Drug Acts. Due at least in part to League efforts, legislation passed in 1938 and 1940 removed hundreds of federal jobs from the spoils system and placed them under Civil Service.

During the postwar period, the League helped lead the effort to establish the United Nations and to ensure U.S. Participation. The League was one of the first organizations in the country officially recognized by the United Nations as a non-governmental organization; it still maintains official observer status today.

See also League History from the League of Women Voters of the US.